Have you worked up a lot in the gym? Or have you just completed a move? The chances are that you will have muscle pain in the days after. We tell you everything you need to know about muscle pain. Read on.
What is muscle pain?
Muscle pain has the function of protecting the muscles against overload. This is usually also the cause of muscle pain. Overloading your muscles will damage them. During the recovery of your muscles, a mild inflammatory reaction occurs. This gives a recognizable painful, cramped, or stiff feeling. Muscle pain often goes away on its own within a few days.
Are you unsure about the cause of the muscle pain? Or are your complaints not resolved within a few days? Then consult your doctor.
Is muscle pain necessary for building muscle mass?
You don’t have to get muscle pain to build muscle. Especially if you exercise regularly, you will have less muscle pain and still grow muscle. Conversely, muscle pain is not always an indication of muscle growth. For example, if you have had a football game that your body is not used to, you can also have a lot of muscle pain without gaining muscle mass. Your body also has a limited capacity to recover. If you make too much effort, the recovery can take longer, and you can even break down more than you build up. Fortunately, this will not happen so quickly for the average athlete.
How does muscle pain arise?
Muscle pain can have various causes:
The most common cause of muscle pain is straining. You can overload your muscles by exercising, but also by other forms of (heavy) physical exertion. For example, do odd jobs, gardening, or moving house. Muscle pain can also be the result of a bruise or fracture. Within the scientific literature, a distinction is made between three types of muscle pain from overload: acute muscle pain, muscle pain from a bruise or rupture, and delayed muscle pain.
Acute muscle pain
Acute muscle pain is the muscle pain that you immediately feel when you exercise. You can think of when your legs sour. It is important not to train too deeply in the acidification. This is often a sign that you are training too hard.
Muscle pain from a bruise or rupture
This is the result of a bruise or a crack. It is especially important with this form of muscle pain to stop exercising and take a rest. If the pain persists, it is advisable to contact a physiotherapist or your doctor.
Delayed muscle pain
The third variant is delayed muscle pain. The delayed muscle pain lasts about a few days and can last up to a week. You usually notice delayed muscle pain only after 24 hours. The most severe pain follows after about 48 hours.
Muscle pain is a common and characteristic symptom of the flu. In that case, muscle pain is caused by an accumulation of waste products in your muscles that your body cannot properly drain.
The use of certain medications can involve muscle pain. Examples include medications for high cholesterol and medications for high blood pressure.